Books on Albania
No: 156 - (27/05/10)
Albania was about the most backward
country of Europe in 1939, when it was
occupied by the Italians, who deposed King
Zog, the last monarch of the country.
It had to endure a ghastly series of
regimes, the worst of which was that of
Enver Hohxa, the communist dictator of the
country for thirty years. He died in March
1985, the very month a certain Mikhail
Gorbachev became the First General
Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
As it so happens, he became the last
general secretary too.
Albania went through difficult times. It
escaped from communism altogether by 1991,
the same year that the USSR did.
It had a tough time in the 1990s, being
given disastrously ideological advice from
the West, blinkered by its triumphalism.
When Albania really began to rebound was
in 1999, when the West went to the rescue
of the Kosovar Albanians. Its GDP growth
averaged 7% per annum for nearly a decade.
But then came the global crisis
Gripped in crisis
Albania had a traumatic event in June last
year: national elections for parliament.
The results are still being strongly
Albania's president has summoned the
government and main opposition parties to
talks on alleged electoral fraud, in a bid
to end a seven-month political crisis.
Bamir Topi said in a statement on February
4 he would hold preliminary meetings with
party leaders "to prepare the terms of
Political parties had no immediate
response. The main opposition Socialists
have boycotted Parliament for months,
blocking most legislative work, and have
staged large protests.
They claim Prime Minister Sali Berisha's
Democrats manipulated vote counting in the
June 28 national elections and demand a
recount, which the government has ruled
out. The Democrats control 75 of
parliament's 140 seats; the Socialists 65.
The new Eldorado
Large mineral reserves exist in Albania
and Kosovo worth hundreds of billions of
dollars. The most significant in Kosovo is
coal deposits, which are the largest in
Europe, as of gold, silver, arsenic,
thallium, bismuth and iron, types of Lead,
Zinc and other metals .
In Albania there are large deposits of
chrome ore, bauxite, copper, nickel,
quartz, magnesium and cobalt.
In the last two years huge explorations
have taken place in Northern Albania,
especially Tropoje and Kukes. According to
Albanian Minerals & Bytyci Shpk engineer
geologist , there have been 100 new
locations of chrome ore in Tropoje.
Recently huge deposits of chrome ore have
been found in Vlad, Pac, Zogaj, Kam, and
Lugu i Zi.The body of this large chrome
ore extends a hundred kilometers long from
Lugu i Zi, Tropoje to Vlahen, Kukes and 50
miles wide from Zogaj to Tpla, Tropoje.
Albanian Minerals and Bytyci Shpk has
intensified exploration and started mining
in Zogaj, Pac and Vlad.
According to Italian and American
engineers, working for Albanian Minerals
and Bytyci Shpk, this huge area from
Tropoje to Kukes may have more than 500
million tons of chrome ore. New geological
surveys and chemical results done by
Albanian Minerals have shown an amazing
amount of minerals in Northern Albania and
Kosovo. There are also large amounts of
magnesium and nickel.
The Albanian government has done an
amazing job building roads where minerals
are found. The value of already discovered
minerals in Albania and Kosovo exceeds 100
billion dollars as a raw material.
Albanian Minerals in New York has
increased the work done in building
infrastructure and amount of money
invested and is planning to triple the
amount of investments in the region.
They have created a partnership and joint
venture with the world's largest business
to business marketing companies. The
potential in minerals in Albania and
Kosovo is more than anyone has ever
imagined. This would create a powerful
economic growth in Albania, Kosovo and the