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BELARUS


  

 

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Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 17,493 14,304 12,200 76
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 1,590 1,360 1,290 122
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Belarus

REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km)
207,595

Population
10,310,520

Principal ethnic groups
Belarusians 77.9%
Russians 13.2%
Poles 4%

Capital
Minsk

Currency
Rubel 
(Belarusian Rouble)

President
Alexander Lukashenka


Update No: 301 - (30/01/06)

Gloom in Minsk
President Alexander Lukashenka has been down in the dumps. The various 'coloured' revolutions in the FSU recently have not appealed to him one bit. 
He feels his regime to be very vulnerable. He knows that nearly all thinking people in Belarus are against him, and that absolutely every thinking person outside is, except those in the Kremlin or the Duma. 
He is not unaware of the fact that his rule flouts every principle of civilized governance yet propounded by the political philosophers. Hence why he is a pariah in the West, who could have his passport impounded and be sent to join Milosevic in The Hague if he ventured into the EU.
Actually, this would probably not happen, because he has not perpetrated a crime against international law, unlike Milosevic. But he must fear it would, not being too honed up on the niceties of the same. 
He knows the West detests him - and the Russians only put up with him on sufferance because he is so unacceptable thereabouts. "He may be a scoundrel," says Putin. "But he is at least our scoundrel." 

Russia wants to boost Europe-bound gas supply via Belarus
Lukashenka has had good news of late. He is immensely cheered by the latest gas crisis.
Russian gas giant Gazprom wants to increase the volume of gas it sends to Europe via Belarus, a top company official said. Gazprom and Belarus' Beltransgaz company have agreed to set up a working group to discuss joint projects, which include underground gas storage facilities in Belarus and expanding its transit capacity for Russian gas supply to Europe, Gazprom deputy chairman Alexander Medvedev was quoted by the Itar-Tass news agency as saying after talks in Minsk with Lukashenka. The storage facilities area could be expanded by up to one billion cubic meters.
Gazprom provides about half the gas consumed in the European Union and 80 per cent of that amount is sent through pipelines that cross Ukraine. 
Medvedev's announcement came four days after Russia and Ukraine ended a bitter, months-long dispute over gas supply. The gas dispute led Russia to briefly cut off gas to Ukraine and sent shivers to Europe where supply shortfalls sparked concerns of its energy security.
While the price of Russian gas for Ukraine has increased, Belarus will receive Russian gas at the same price as in 2005, that is $47 per 1,000 cu m. This of course is for highly political reasons.

Belarus; Russia's favourite client state
Russia and Belarus have outlined plans to unite into one state and already make use of common economic and financial standards. 
Gazprom also owns the Belarussian part of the pipeline from the Russian deposit at the Yamal peninsula to Europe that transports over 50 per cent of Russian gas exports through Belarus. In 2005 the two countries resumed negotiations to establish a joint enterprise on the basis of Belarus' Beltransgaz to direct the Belarussian gas transport system.

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ENERGY

Belarus signs electricity import deal with Ukraine

Belarus has signed a contract worth US$52m to import 2.5bn kilowatt-hours of Ukrainian electricity at US$0.022 per kWh in 2006, Belarusian Ambassador to Ukraine Petr Velichko said recently, New Europe reported.
Belarus wants to import electricity from Ukraine in order to utilise the Chernobyl-Mozyr and Chernihiv-Gomel power transmission lines. Belarus currently imports electricity from Russia only. In May Ukraine carried out a trial delivery of 27m kWh of electricity to Belarus. 

Minsk, Moscow sign joint fuel and energy balance for 2006 

Russia and Belarus have signed their joint fuel and energy balance for 2006, a source in the Belarussian Economics Ministry said, Interfax News Agency reported recently.
The appropriate protocol was signed following a session of the Russian-Belarussian Union state government on December 19th, after which a union's state decree was signed, the source said. According to the budget, in 2006, Russia is to ship 21 billion cubic metres of natural gas to Belarus (20.5 billion in 2005), 19.5 million tonnes of oil (same as in 2005), 4.5 billion kilowatt/hours of electrical energy (5.5 billion in 2005) and 220,000 tons of coal (260,000 in 2005). The signing of the long-term fuel and energy budget for up to 2020 has been postponed until the first quarter of 2006 by a decision of the Union State Ministers Council. Currently Russia is unable to agree with Belarus's proposition, which forecast an increase in gas and oil consumption to 25 billion cubic metres and 25 million tonnes, correspondingly, by 2020. In 2005, Russia was the sole supplier of gas, oil and electrical energy to Belarus. The situation is not expected to change in 2006.

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