Books on Slovenia
% of GDP
Update No: 095 - (01/04/05)
Key Slovenian role in Kyrgyz crisis
The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) can play an
important role in Kyrgyzstan by bringing parties to the negotiating table, US
Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick said on March 29th during a visit to
Slovenia. "There is a key role (for the OSCE) in terms of trying to bring
the parties together within Kyrgyzstan as they deal with the departure of the
president and looking towards the new government," Zoellick told
journalists after meeting Slovenian Foreign Minister Dimitrij Rupel, who
currently heads the OSCE.
Speaking at the start of a European tour that took him to 14 NATO member states,
Zoellick said the OSCE, which is currently chaired by Rupel, should also play a
particular role in soothing Russian sensitivities about the crisis in the former
Soviet republic. "The OSCE can also play a role in terms of making sure
that key partners, particularly Kazakhstan, Russia and others, have a comfort
about the process moving forward and supporting it," Zoellick said.
"All these needs to be kept in the context of recognising that the people
of Kyrgyzstan want to determine their own future," Zoellick said.
Moscow, reeling from a series of popular uprisings in former Soviet republics,
has accused the OSCE of triggering the unrest that led to the fall of president
Askar Akayev because the pan-continental body criticised the March elections in
"What we've seen over the course of past months is an expression by people
in very diverse parts of the world - whether it is Ukraine, Georgia, Iraq,
Afghanistan or the Palestinian elections - of a desire to be free and
participate on their own future with their governments," Zoellick said. He
added that "large changes are afoot but the process of change also requires
careful attention by countries that want to try to support the process taking
Zoellick also said the OSCE should also play a role in Kyrgyzstan in the context
of election assistance and election monitoring, as well as work with the free
press and providing support to the police services.
Rupel announced he would visit Kyrgyzstan in the near future.
OSCE chairman-in-office to visit Azerbaijan
In the frame of his visit to the South Caucasus on April 2, OSCE Chairman, also
foreign minister of Slovenia Dimitrij Rupel was due to visit Azerbaijan.
On the agenda were meetings with Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov, the Speaker
of the Milli Majlis (National Parliament) Murtuz Alaskarov, Prime Minister Artur
Rasizade and President Ilham Aliyev.
The OSCE Chairman was also said to meet with representatives of political
parties and non-governmental organizations, as well as local media and OSCE
OECD membership shortly
Membership of other international bodies is also important to Slovenia, now that
it is firmly in the EU, for whose new constitution it has already voted heavily
in favour in a referendum earlier this year.
Slovenia has a good chance of being shortlisted among states for which the
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) would launch
accession strategies. This estimation is a result of past cooperation between
Slovenia and the OECD as well as the wide support among the member states. The
selection will, however, be a matter of political judgment, the ministry said in
a press release on March 29th.
As the ministry explained, the enlargement of OECD is frozen right now, given
that some members, especially non-European ones (Canada, US, Australia, New
Zealand and Japan), oppose the integration of other European states because of
Economic success story of the region
Slovenia has by far the best economy in the entire former communist world, with
a higher GDP per capita than Greece and Portugal, who both joined the EU in the
Its GDP is expected to grow by 3.8% this year and 3.9% in 2006, while its
inflation rate is due to fall from 3% this year to 2.7% next year, enabling it
to qualify for membership of the Euroland club. This development would put a cap
on its successful performance and encourage one thing lacking - abundant foreign
direct investment (FDI). FDI is barely over US$2bn to date, a poor showing for
such a promising place.
Actually, there are of course other things lacking too. A new tax code came into
force in the New Year on January 1st. But it is proving opaque and cumbersome
for business. It needs to be simplified. A look at Estonia and Russia would not
be amiss here, both with buoyant economies, albeit from considerably lower bases
than Slovenia's, after adoption of greatly simplified tax regimes.
The government economic panel, an inter-ministerial body, has advocated a
re-think of the whole matter. It advised the setting-up of a task force to
deliberate the best way forward to fiscal soundness and probity.
The target date is now 2025 for parity with the EU
Slovenia is still not well-off by EU standards, trailing all but two of the
established member states on joining in May last year in terms of GDP per
capita. It was after all under communism for fifty years, a sure way to blight
enterprise and individual initiative.
Growth statistics depend overwhelmingly on the base from which you start off.
Slovenia's base line is high, indeed the highest in the former communist world.
Nevertheless, a leading Slovenian economic institute has concluded that Slovenia
is unlikely to catch up to the average GDP per person in the European Union
before the year 2025. This is 12 years later than predicted in the current
national development strategy.
Nova Ljubljanska banka shows solid performance
The chairman of Nova Ljubljanska banka (NLB) recently announced that the bank,
the largest on the domestic market, plans to sustain the results it attained in
2004. The statement came after the NLB reported a 25 per cent surge in pre-tax
profit to 13.8bn tolars (57.56m Euro). The NLB group consists of 53 banks and
financial firms in 16 countries, New Europe reported.
The bank was successful at limiting its expenses, which have hovered around 192m
Euro since 2002. Andre Bergen, NLB supervisory board member and chairman of
Belgian bank KBC that owns 34 per cent of NLB, believes the bank could be more
profitable. He said that KBC would not increase their share in NLB unless they
are asked for it.
Commenting on the 2004 results, NLB Chairman Marjan Kramar, told Slovene press
agency that the bank had operated in line with the plans, and that in some
aspects, targets had been beaten.
"This year, the management intends to at least repeat these results, the
wish is always to keep improving on what has been achieved and keep the rising
trend up in all individual segments," Kramar said.
Last year NLB raked in 56.7m Euro profit while the group's total profit was
81.2m Euro, which is more than 17 per cent higher than in 2003, something that
Kramar described as "a good basis for the future."
According to him, the performance was good in all aspects like sales, operations
on the emerging markets, as well as in terms on internal measures - both
staff-and organisation- wise. The chairman said the operations of the group
would remain a priority for the management this year.
"The NLB group is where we see our biggest opportunity for growth, where we
invest the bulk of our funds, capital and human resources," Kramar
According to him, NLB is the only group based in Ljubljana that has the
potential and would endeavour to keep up with all key players in the field.
The objective for 2005 is to improve the effectiveness criterion by 7 per cent
points and to retain the assets growth rate at last year's 9 per cent, both
through an increase in market share and growth in profitability. Other
priorities for 2005 include the group's further expansion in Slovenia and
particularly abroad and streamlining efforts at all levels, Kramar said.
Voljatel gains foothold on Slovenia telecom market
Voljatel has become Slovenia's second licensed national telecommunications
operator after the state-owned teleco, Telekom Slovenije.
The company offers a comprehensive package of services for international calls
as well as calls to the national landline and mobile networks. Voljatel was
established in 2000 by a group of Slovenian and international shareholders with
experience in IT, internet and telecommunications.
In 2001 the company started providing free dial up access to the internet,
Slovene Press Agency reported. Voljatel's prices of international calls and
calls to mobile phones within the country are slightly lower than those of
Telekom, while prices for calls to national landline networks are same as
"The option to choose from several telecommunications operators means not
only better and cheaper services for the user, but also creates the conditions
for healthy competition among all business subjects on the telecommunications
market," Voljatel CEO, Tomo Pust, said in a statement on January 28th.
According to Pust, the quality of Voljatel services is comparable to any
The proof of this is the cooperation contracts the company has signed with all
leading European telcos.
International calls through the Voljatel network are cheaper than those through
Telekom by up to 60 per cent, while Voljatel users will save six tolars a minute
for every call from a fixed to a mobile phone, the company statement read.
Voljatel services are available on subscriber's existing line, while subscribers
need to sign a contract before selected services can be activated. The
subscribers will not be liable to a monthly fee, but will only pay for the calls
Slovenije eyes Albanian telco
Telekom Slovenije, the national fixed-line telco, has expressed interest in
acquiring a majority stake in Albtelecom, the Albanian provider, the company
told Slovene Press Agency STA on January 25th, New Europe reported recently. The
Albanian government values the 76% share at €189m. According to Telekom
spokeswoman, Darinka Pavlic Kamien, the expression of interest is in line with
the company's strategy of regional expansion. "Telekom defined Southeast
Europe, including Albania, as its priority market," she said. Albtelecom is
the only telecoms operator in Albania with a fixed-line as well as a mobile
licence. The company was awarded the mobile licence last year as a means of
boosting competition on the mobile market. However, Albtelecom is no longer the
monopoly provider of international calls. "The Albanian telecom is a
healthy company with good growth potential … We see opportunities for growth
in the digitisation of speech telephony and the introduction of broadband, but
we also want to offer an alternative to wireless carriers," Telekom
explained. The state-owned Telekom has been on a shopping spree in the region
and recently submitted an offer for the Montenegrin telecoms utility. Telekom
submitted the second-best bid, but the winner has not been selected yet.
Spa Terme 3000 gains 2.5m Euro in 2004
Spa Terme 3000, which operates five spa resorts, posted net profit of 611m
tolars (2.5m Euro) for 2004, up 20 per cent over 2003, on the back of sales of
8.7bn tolars (36.3m Euro), general manager, Dusan Bencik, said recently, the
Slovene Press Agency reported.
The biggest project last year was the project of creating the brand Panonske
Terme (Pannonian Spas) for the spa business that Terme 3000 manages for chemical
and tourism group Sava. The capital integration of spas in the northeast of the
country is finished and it makes it possible to achieve the strategic objective
of 5,000 high-quality beds and 10bntolars (41.7m Euro) in revenues, Bencik
stressed. Terme 300 group comprises spas from Moravske Toplice, Radenci, Ptuj,
Lendava and Banovci, which recorded 745,000 overnight stays last year, up 4 per
cent year-on-year. Over half of all guests came from abroad, especially Austria
and Germany. Bencik outlined the main objectives for 2005 are to develop the
Panonske terme brand and further consolidate spa tourism in north-eastern
New railway venture kicks off
A deal was signed recently on the creation of a railway transport company
between Luka Koper, the company managing the port of Koper, and its Austrian
partner, Graz-Koeflacher Bahn und Busbetrieb, Slovene press agency reported. By
signing the partnership agreement, the two companies laid their business and
capital foundations for an efficient joint presentation on key markets, Luka
Koper said. The nominal capital of the new Koper-based company, called Adria
Transport, will total 24m tolars (€100,103). Each of the associates would own
a 50% share, according to the Slovenian group. For the new founded company to
start its business, the partners must acquire consent from the Slovenian
Competition Protection Office, sign a contract on the establishment of the
company Adria Transport, register it with the Koper district court and acquire a
licence for providing transport services in railway traffic, a safety
certificate and a railway route.
Slovenia gears up for motorway network expansion
Janez Bozic, Slovenia's transport minister recently said that the government
ratified a plan for motorway construction. Up to 22.3km of new motorway sections
will open for traffic this year, including the 8.2km section Trojane-Blagovica,
the only missing part of the Maribor-Ljubljana motorway, Slovene Press Agency
According to Bozic, the value of construction for all sections under
construction this year is estimated at 124bn tolars (517.2m Euro). Construction
companies will continue or start on 174.6km road. Other major sections due to
open this year include Skofije-Srmin (1.7km) between Koper and Ljubljana,
Smednik-Krska vas (4.6km) between Ljubljana and the border with Croatia and
another 7.8km on the same stretch between Hrastje and Lesnica is expected to