Books on Tajikistan
Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government. Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.
Update No: 281 - (27/05/04)
Since November 6th, 1994 the head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman of Tajikistan has been President, Emomali Rakhmonov. The president was elected by popular vote for a 7-year term; the last election was held on November 6th, 1999 (the next to be held in 2006).
The bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives or Majlisi Namoyanandagon (lower chamber; 63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms) and the National Assembly or Majlisi Milliy (upper chamber; 33 seats; members are indirectly elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; all serve 5-year terms). Elections were last held on February 27 and March 12, 2000 for the Assembly of Representatives (the next to be held in 2005) and March 23, 2000 for the National Assembly. The election results for the Assembly of Representatives were as follows, percent of vote by party--PDPT 65%, Communist Party 20%, Islamic Revival 7.5%, other 7.5%. Judicial--Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the president.
FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS
Pak, Tajikistan to boost political, economic ties
Pakistan and Tajikistan recently signed eight agreements to boost political and economic cooperation and set up two working groups on countering terrorism and regional stability, the Daily Balochistan Express reported.
Prime Minister, Mir Zafarullah Khan, and Tajik President, Emomali Rakhmonov, witnessed the signing of accords on visa facilitation, avoidance of double taxation, education, judiciary, tourism, cooperation between official news agencies and combating drug trafficking. The two leaders earlier held formal talks that covered issues of bilateral interest and regional and global issues.
Addressing the press conference after the meeting, the two leaders expressed deep satisfaction at the growing positive momentum in the friendly bilateral relations between Pakistan and Tajikistan. "We have decided to reinforce the relations in economic and commercial spheres in the years ahead," said Prime Minister, Jamali. Jamali said the two countries have identity of views on regional and international issues. He said the visit of President Rakhmonov marked another step in increasing the existing friendly ties and provided great opportunities to explore opportunities for further cooperation in trade and economic fields.
President Rakhmonov described his visit and talks with the Pakistani leadership as "fruitful and constructive" that will help infuse further substance in the bilateral ties. He lauded the efforts by Pakistan for peace in the region and welcomed the steps Islamabad and New Delhi had taken to resolve their outstanding problems, including the contentious issues of Kashmir, through a political process.
The Tajik President said the agreements signed between the two countries were important steps towards improving ties between the two counties. Pakistan and Tajikistan have also decided to open embassies and President Rakhmonov told a questioner that Tajik Embassy will be opened by the end of this year. Replying to a question, the Tajik President said his country had cooperative ties in economic and infrastructure building with India which was helping Tajikistan in the modernization of airfields.
He said the two countries have set up a working group on the construction of approximately 1200 kilometres road linking Pakistan and Tajikistan. The group will prepare a feasibility on one of the two routes identified. The joint declaration, issues at the end of the state visit of President Rakhmonov, said the two countries held talks in an atmosphere of cordiality and friendship, characterized by common perception and similarity of views on important issues. "Both sides noted that Tajikistan and Pakistan enjoyed cultural affinities, shared historical experiences, economic complementarities and common interests," the statement said.
Pakistan and Tajikistan expressed their determination to strengthen further bilateral relations by enhancing closer cooperation between the two countries in all areas including political, economic, commercial, cultural, scientific and technological fields. The two sides reaffirmed their commitment to the principles of UN Charter and belief in the equality, respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference in internal affairs, and peaceful settlement of disputes as the fundamental principles of friendly relations among States. They resolved to augment bilateral relations on the basis of sovereign equality, mutual trust and non-interference in the internal affairs of each other and in accordance with the Declaration on Principles Governing Relations between Pakistan and Tajikistan.
President, Emomali Rakhmonov, expressed appreciation for Pakistan's efforts for resumption of dialogue with India and endeavours to resolve all outstanding issues including the Kashmir problem through peaceful means. The two countries reaffirmed their commitment to the Bonn process and endeavours of President, Hamid Karzai, for national reconciliation and reconstruction of Afghanistan. They also condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and agreed to work together to combat terrorism as well as narcotics production and drug trafficking. Leadership of the two countries also agreed on the need to enhance effectiveness of the OIC to enable it to realize aspirations of the Islamic Ummah.
President Emomali Rakhmonov reaffirmed Tajikistan's support for the initiative of President Musharraf for Enlightened Moderation and reform of the Organization. The two countries agreed that Pakistan being an important country in the region can play an effective role in realization of the objectives of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and on the need for close interaction of Pakistan with the Organization. They also agreed to work together to enhance effectiveness of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) to enable it to realize objective of the economic integration of the region. Pakistan will attend the 8th ECO Summit to be hosted by Tajikistan in Dushanbe on 14 September 2004. The two countries have also decided to resume air services between the two countries pursuant to the bilateral Air Service Agreement concluded on 6 June 1992. President Rakhmonov who was accompanied by a high level delegation also held talks with President Musharraf. The Tajik President has also invited President Musharraf and Prime Minister, Jamali, to visit Tajikistan the dates for which are to be decided through the diplomatic channels.
ADB offers US$84m for economic stability in Tajikistan
Asian Development Bank's Dushanbe office said recently that the institution has decided to grant Tajikistan five loans for a total amount of some US$84m for the period 2004-2006. The decision was taken during a recent ADB delegation mission to the republic, Asia Plus news agency reported.
The main goal of the visit was for the bank mission to discuss with Tajikistan's government the ADB assistance programme to Tajikistan for the aforementioned period. The ADB mission outlined the importance of supporting microeconomic stability for sustainable development of private sector in the republic.
During a working session with ADB officials, the Tajik government confirmed its intention to intensify structural reforms and bring down inflation to 7% by the end of the current year. Moreover, ADB's activity in Tajikistan should focus on development of rural areas and infrastructure as well as expansion of regional cooperation.
The sides also discussed plans to provide grant assistance to 9 projects. This concerns, among others, an assistance project for an amount of US$3.9m which are planned for the 2004-2005 period. The mission has highly appraised the fiscal policy adopted by the country's government to control foreign borrowings, the ADB Dushanbe office source told Asia-Plus.
Representatives from the ADB and the country's leadership have agreed that with extension of the loan portfolio the government should be more attentive to enhancement of realisation of the investment portfolio and keep an appropriate level of foreign borrowings with regard to use of funds in the republic.
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