REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
447,400 

Population 
28,394,180

Capital 
Tashkent 

Currency 
Uzbek Som (UZS)

President 
Islom Karimov

UZBEKISTAN

Maps & Facts

Free Geopolitical Newsletter

newnations Reports & monthly updates

CIA World Factbook

UNHCR Country Profile

Uzbekistan: Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan

UNICEF statistics

Amnesty Report

Press Freedom Score

Corruption Score

World Economic Tables

Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1925. During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry. Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves. Current concerns include insurgency by Islamic militants based in Tajikistan and Afghanistan, a non-convertible currency, and the curtailment of human rights and democratisation. 

 

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