REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
603,550 

Population 
44,854,065

Capital 
Kiev

Currency 
Hryvnia (UAH)

President 
Viktor Yanukovych

UKRAINE

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CIA World Factbook

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Ukraine: Parliament of Ukraine

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Richly endowed in natural resources, Ukraine has been fought over and subjugated for centuries; its 20th-century struggle for liberty is not yet complete. A short-lived independence from Russia (1917-1920) was followed by brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died, and World War II, in which German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths. Although independence was attained in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched, stalling efforts at economic reform, privatisation, and civic liberties.  The events of late 2004 called by some "The Orange Revolution", seem to have offered more likelihood of governments in Kiev being more genuinely independent of Moscow.

 

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