REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
783,562

Population 
79,749,461

Capital 
Ankara 

Currency 
Lira 

President 
Abdullah Gl

TURKEY

Maps & Facts

Free Geopolitical Newsletter

newnations Reports & monthly updates

CIA World Factbook

UNHCR Country Profile

Turkey: Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey

UNICEF statistics

Amnesty Report

Press Freedom Score

Corruption Score

World Economic Tables

Turkey was created in 1923 from the Turkish remnants of the Ottoman Empire. Soon thereafter the country instituted secular laws to replace traditional religious fiats. In 1945 Turkey joined the UN and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. Turkey occupied the northern portion of Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island; relations between the two countries remain strained. Periodic military offensives against Kurdish separatists have dislocated part of the population in southeast Turkey and have drawn international condemnation.  Sharing one border with IRAQ has created serious tensions with Turkey which are not yet resolved.  Membership of the European Union is the main political goal of present-day Turkey.

 

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