REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
143,100 

Population 
7,768,385

Capital 
Dushanbe

Currency 
Tajik Somoni

President 
Emomalii Rahmon

TAJIKISTAN

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A former Soviet All-Union Republic, Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government. Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.  Bordering Afghanistan raised its profile and the US; the Russians and India all have military bases there.

 

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