REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
312,685

Population 
38,415,284

Capital
Warsaw

Currency 
Zloty 

President 
Bronislaw Komorowski 

POLAND

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newnations Reports & monthly updates

CIA World Factbook

UNHCR Country Profile

Poland: The Sejm of the Republic of Poland

UNICEF

Amnesty Report

Press Freedom Score

Corruption Score

World Economic Tables

Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite country following the war, but one that was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labour turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, leading to acceptance by the EU. Poland joined the NATO alliance in 1999. 

 

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