REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
2,724,900 

Population
17,522,010

Capital 
Astana (formerly Akmola)

Currency
Tenge

President 
Nursultan Nazarbayev

KAZAKSTAN

Maps & Facts

Free Geopolitical Newsletter

newnations Reports & monthly updates

CIA World Factbook

UNHCR Country Profile

Kazakstan: Parliament of the Republic of Kazakstan

UNICEF statistics

Amnesty Report

Press Freedom Score

Corruption Score

World Economic Tables

Native Kazaks, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazaks to outnumber natives. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; and continuing to strengthen relations with neighbouring states and other foreign powers. 

 

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