REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km)
69,700 

Population 
4,570,934 

Capital 
Tbilisi 

Currency 
Lari

President 
Mikheil Saakashvili

GEORGIA

Maps & Facts

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newnations Reports & monthly updates

CIA World Factbook

UNHCR Country Profile

Georgia: Parliament of the Republic of Georgia

UNICEF statistics

Amnesty Report

Press Freedom Score

Corruption Score

World Economic Tables

The region of present-day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries AD and Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th to the 13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Despite myriad problems, some progress on market reforms and democratization has been made since then. An attempt by the government to manipulate legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. New elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along with his National Movement Party. 

 

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