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Albania  

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ALBANIA


  
  

Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 6,124 4,695 4,100 109
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 1,740 1,380 1,340 120
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Albania


Update No: 117 - (22/02/07)

Local elections help the Socialists
Albania finally held long-delayed local elections on Sunday, February 18th with the poll itself seen as yet another test of the political maturity of the former Communist bastion. The election date was delayed from January 20th owing to political strife that threatened to end with an opposition boycott. 
After inflammatory campaigns, with allegations of corruption dominating the agenda, a compromise on election rules was reached by the main blocs only after international mediation and pressure. European Union, NATO and United States officials had warned the country's leaders that the elections were a gauge of Albania's readiness to progress along the path of integration. Foreign and local observers monitored the entire election process. Past elections in Albania were often marred by violence and allegations of vote-rigging
The 2.9 million registered voters were able to choose local authorities, with Prime Minister Sali Berisha's ruling conservative bloc pitted against the Socialist-led opposition as the main blocs. 
Pollsters predicted a close race and so it turned out. The favourable result, 55-45, for the Socialists, which it will consequently take weeks to confirm, could help them turn up the pressure for early parliamentary elections. 

Energy crisis in Albania deepens
While the politicians squabble, the people are more pre-occupied with practical matters. The economy is booming by GDP growth rates of around 7% per annum in the 200s. But this has generated an endemic power crisis.
Albanian citizens are facing interruptions in power supply lasting from four to 14 hours a day, although the Albanian Electric Power Corporation has not officially announced imposing restrictions yet.
The residents of the capital Tirana are faced with four- to six-hour restrictions in electricity supply, Makfax's correspondent reported. Elsewhere across the country, power cuts last for eight hours, and even 14 hours a day in the villages. The biggest hydro-electric plant in the country, "Fierza," is operating with minimum water supplies.
Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha himself admitted that the country faces an energy crisis, while the Government and the National Electric Power Company expects to overcome the crisis by imports.

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AMBO pipeline deal clears another hurdle
The plan to transport Caspian oil across Bulgaria and Macedonia to the Albanian port of Vlora is closer to becoming reality.
The AMBO pipeline deal cleared another obstacle late last month, as economy ministers from Albania, Bulgaria and Macedonia signed an agreement in Skopje providing for construction to begin next year. The first oil is expected to be pumped through the pipeline in 2011. 
"There is a lot of work ahead," said AMBO President Ted Ferguson. "Environmental studies should be conducted and construction licenses should be obtained so that the construction starts in late 2008." 
Conceived in 1994, the AMBO project has been held up for years, as regional instability and conflicts kept investors at bay. Meanwhile, the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline has stolen the spotlight. 
Momentum finally picked up in July 2003, with the signing of an agreement by the presidents of Albania, Macedonia and Bulgaria. On December 27th, 2004, the three countries' prime ministers signed a political declaration, followed by a Memorandum of Understanding between country representatives and Ferguson. 
On October 30th 2006, Albania and Macedonia signed a protocol on the entrance points of the pipeline -- the Albanian village of Stebleve and Macedonian village of Lakaica. A similar protocol between Bulgaria and Macedonia was signed later in 2006. 
The pipeline will pump Caspian oil from the Bulgarian port of Burgas via Macedonia to Vlora, for transport to European countries and the United States. Four pump stations -- two in Bulgaria and one each in Macedonia and Albania -- will be constructed along the route. 
The pipeline will be 894km long, with 273km passing through Macedonia. It is expected to have a capacity of 750,000 barrels of oil per day. The annual transit of crude oil will be 30m-40m tonnes and the whole investment will amount to US$1.2 billion. About 80% of the funds have been provided so far. Ferguson said no difficulties are expected in ensuring the rest of the financing. 
"The countries directly involved in realisation of the pipeline will benefit from oil transport transit fees, which are estimated at US$30m on an annual basis for Macedonia," Macedonian Minister of Economy Vera Rafajlovska said. "The pipeline will also create new jobs and foster the economic development of the countries." 
For Albanian Minister Genc Ruli, the project has a broader impact. "The pipeline will contribute to integration development and stability in the region not only in terms of energy, but in wider terms," he said.

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ENERGY

Czech utility company CEZ to supply electricity

Czech utility company, CEZ, has announced plans to supply electricity to Albanian power company KESH, AENews reported. 
"This first trial supply might be followed by larger supplies in the next months," CEZ spokeswoman, Eva Novakova, was quoted as saying. CEZ currently trades electricity in nine Central and Southeastern European markets, and increasing this could help alleviate its slowly dwindling domestic market share, it was reported. "As its share of the electricity market in the Czech Republic drops, CEZ is aiming its sales activities at other countries," said Jakub Zidon, an analyst with bank Ceska sporitelna. 
CEZ now plans to expand its trading into the Balkans, it was reported. CEZ was cited as saying its overall share of the Czech end-customer electricity market is expected to drop this year to 53 per cent from 56 in 2005. In Albania, yearly electricity consumption only reaches 7.5 terawatt hours, while in comparison, demand in the Czech Republic reached 57.6 terawatt hours in 2005, it was reported. Albania, like other countries in the region, has been forced to import more electricity, presenting energy groups like CEZ with opportunities. CEZ is already one of four short-listed bidders for building a 2.5 billion Euro power plant in Kosovo. "The main focus of CEZ will still be to produce energy," said Jan Prochazka, an analyst with brokerage Cyrrus. 

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FOREIGN COOPERATION

Cooperation to be strengthened with Albania 

Macedonia Foreign Minister, Antonio Miloshoski, recently visited the Albanian capital, Tirana, where he met with top Albanian officials and discussed stepping up cooperation between the two countries in the areas of mutual interest - particularly the countries' bids for membership in EU and NATO and the current situation in the region, MRTOnline reported.
In the course of his visit to Tirana, Miloshoski met with Albanian President, Alfred Mojsiu, Parliament Speaker, Xhozefina Topali, and Prime Minister, Sali Berisha. The Miloshoski agenda also included meetings with his Albanian counterpart, Besnik Mustafaj, and with representatives of Macedonia's minority in Albania. Macedonia and Albania will step up cooperation in the areas of economy, tourism and energy. "Macedonia vowed to build a 400kW power line that will be of great importance to Albania in terms of electricity imports," Mustafaj was quoted as saying. Miloshoski on his part said that Macedonia will help Albania overcome the energy crisis, and noted, however, that it will not include increasing the allowed quantity of water released on the Albanian side of the Ohrid Lake. Moreover, during the meeting with Berisha, Miloshoski discussed details relating to the forthcoming visit of the Macedonia Prime Minister, Nikola Gruevski, to Tirana. Miloshoski's agenda also included talks with the Albanian President, Alfred Mojsiu, at which they expressed the state of the current bilateral relations between the two countries. The Macedonia minister held meeting with the representatives of Macedonia's parties and associations in Albania, where they reiterated the call for the Albanian authorities to respect their rights guaranteed by the international conventions.

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