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MOLDOVA


 

 

Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 1,964 1,621 1,500 141
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 590 460 400 157
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

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REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
33,843 

Population 
4,446,455

Principal 
ethnic groups 
Moldovans 64.5%
Ukrainians 13.8%
Russians 13.0%

Capital 
Kishinev 
(Chisinau)

Currency
Leu (plural: Lei)

President 
Vladimir Voronin


Update No: 305 - (30/05/06)

Fall-out with Moscow worsens
Moldova has the last remaining communist government in Europe. But actually this is a formality. Belarus has a much more Soviet-style regime. 
Moldova is becoming more and more directed towards the West and more and more alienated from Russia. Indeed, Moscow is taking very hostile measures against Moldova, charging it full world prices for gas, while banning Moldovan wine imports.
Some vintners and workers in the wine industry are contemplating moves to impeach President Vladimir Voronin, who is deemed to have been largely responsible for the deterioration in relations by standing up to the Russians. But most Moldovans back his stand on Transnistria, the secessionist region, which is a notorious haven for gangsters and smugglers. 
A sign of the new outward-looking approach of Moldova is that an International Festival Between East and West is to be held there. Ankara State Theatre artists will perform the plays 'Frenzy for Two' and 'Dog, Woman, Man' at the event. One thing for sure is that there will not be any Russian State artists there

US says Moldova has many friends ready to help it
Although Moldova faces many difficulties, it has a lot of friends who are ready to help it resolve its problems, Vice President of the United States Richard B. Cheney told a meeting with President 
Voronin during the Summit of Heads of State from the Baltic and Black Sea Regions in Vilnius in early May. While there Voronin also conferred with President Viktor Yushchenko of Ukraine, a key country for Moldova. Voronin and Cheney discussed prospects of bilateral relations between Moldova and the United States, as well as actions taken by Moldovan authorities for territorial reintegration and approach to the European Union (EU). The talks also focussed on problems such as cooperation between Moldova and international financial organisations, commercial-economic relations of Moldova with the Russian Federation and other states. 
Also, President Voronin had a meeting with EU Council Secretary-General Javier Solana, EU high representative for foreign policy and common security. 
The dialogue envisaged a series of issues of actuality concerning the cooperation between Moldova and the EU, including the settlement of the Transnistrian conflict. 
Voronin reconfirmed the intention of Moldovan authorities to continue the consistent implementation of measures aimed at a lasting political settlement of the Transnistrian conflict. The president expressed gratitude to the EU Council secretary-general for firmly supporting these actions. The chief of state also expressed gratitude during the Vilnius Summit. 
President Voronin highlighted the special importance of the decision to accept Moldova as a full rights member of South-East European Cooperation Process (SEECP), noting that this action encourages the European integration aspirations of Moldova. 
Voronin and Solana tackled problems on commercial cooperation between Moldova and the EU, the Russian Federation and other countries.  

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AGRICULTURE

Farmers to cultivate land on left bank of Dniestr 

Farmers from five Moldovan villages on the left bank of the Dniestr River will be allowed to cultivate their land lying beyond the Rybnitsa-Tiraspol highway. Chairman of Dybossary district administration, Grigory Polichinsky, said that a tentative understanding was reached at a meeting of a special working group recently. 
"We managed to reach a consensus on the temporary registration of Moldovan economic agents at respective authorities in Transnistria. The Tiraspol administration should confirm this understanding," he said. Almost 6,000 hectares of farmland have remained uncultivated for two years after the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria demanded that a special tax be paid for cultivating them. It has been estimated that in two years farmers from the five Moldovan villages suffered losses in excess of US$ two million.

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FOOD & DRINK

Moldova seeking new wine markets - Tarlev 


The Moldovan government is seeking new wine markets, Prime Minister, Vasile Tarlev, said on the NIT television channel. 
"Russia received 75 per cent of Moldovan exports in 2001, and only about 50 per cent in 2005. Meanwhile, the amount of Moldovan wine exported to Russia is still rather large - over 75 per cent of total wine exports," he said. "The Moldovan authorities are urgently searching for new wine markets," he said, referring to agreements with member countries of the Stability Pact for Southeast Europe. "We have also agreed increased wine exports to Ukraine, Romania and Poland," he said. The practice of selling all products to Russia turned out to be negative for the wine industry, Tarlev said. "The fact that the Russians made most of the investment in the Moldovan wine industry was also significant. The investors did not expect Russian authorities to abruptly halt the import of Moldovan wine," he said.
Moldova is poised to adopt a set of measures to boost its wine and cognac exports to Ukraine and consolidate on the market, Moldova's Foreign Ministry said. The parties addressed the problems the promotion of Moldovan alcoholic beverages to the Ukrainian market might face. Specifically, the meeting participants handled the issue of maintaining a positive image of Moldova's wines on the Ukrainian market, providing their stable quality and improving marketing and advertising. 

 

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