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CROATIA





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Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 28,322 22,421 20,300 61
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 5,350 4,640 4,550 70
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Croatia

REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km)
56,542

Population
4,496,869

Capital 
Zagreb

Currency 
Kuna

President 
Stipe Mesic

Private sector
% of GDP 
55%


Update No: 114 - (28/11/06)

Croatian economy surges into new era
With the end of the current agreement with the IMF, Croatia will take the reins of its fiscal, economic and monetary policy. The Fund will assume an advisory capacity to help the country along.
Croatia's current arrangement with the IMF came to a close in November. With all of the goals met under the stand-by arrangement, the country has decided to begin handling its economic, fiscal and monetary policy independently. Prime Minister Ivo Sanader announced the decision in October, saying that the new policy confirms the country's economic maturity and demonstrates that the European Commission backs the IMF opinion. 
In 2004, the IMF Executive Board approved a 20-month stand-by arrangement to the tune of 120m million euros to support Croatia's economic programme. The IMF said then that Croatia's economic growth and inflation performance since the mid-1990s was comparable to Central and Eastern European countries. But the positive performance was marred by the worsening of Croatia's external current account deficit and rising external debt. 
These trends -- which have accelerated since 2000 -- made Croatia vulnerable to external shocks. Authorities recognised this and called on the IMF to assist in designing a set of policies for fiscal consolidation and supporting structural measures. 
The 2004 arrangement focused on two major issues: the high national deficit and rampant external debt. The deficit is at 3% this year, down from 6.3% in 2003. External debt has been cut by 911m euros over the past two and a half years, and has slowed in growth -- to 12% this year, down from 36% in 2003.

The post-IMF epoch
In light of these trends, Zagreb now wants to try to boost economic performance on its own, relying on the Fund's occasional advice, but not on concrete and practical financial arrangements. 
Starting this month, when the current stand by arrangement with the IMF is complete, Croatia will not sign a new one. From now on, the Fund will serve as advisers, not as creditors. IMF representatives will visit Croatia once a year to review the actions and policies of the government. 
The IMF has said it welcomes the country's readiness to take charge of its economy, praising Croatia for the results achieved since 2004. 
According to the Fund, continuation of privatisation and restructuring of the shipbuilding industry are two vital areas requiring attention. Sanader agreed that these areas remain the highest priorities. 

Croatia remains optimistic over its EU bid - PM 
Croatia's buoyant economy boosts its chances of joining the EU. It opened membership talks with the EU last year and is hoping to join by the end of the decade. Prime Minister Sanader said he believed there would be no obstacles to his country's membership in the European Union once it meets all criteria, despite a warning from the union's executive arm that the enlargement process should slow down.
Sanader labelled a report on European Union enlargement strategy and its challenges, unveiled in mid-November in Brussels, as a "good basis for further enlargement. We support that document ... we see from it that there would be no problems for Croatia's membership once we meet all criteria and conclude negotiations," with the EU, Sanader said.
The European Commission warned the EU not to let more nations join until it can integrate them and has the institutional tools to function properly. It said that the constitutional impasse which arose last year must be overcome before the bloc expands beyond 27 members.
"Institutional reform is needed to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of decision-making of an enlarged Union," Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn told reporters in Brussels.
The constitution was meant to streamline the EU's institutions after it took on board 10 mainly ex-Soviet satellite states in May 2004, and with Bulgaria and Romania also invited to join in January. But voters in France and the Netherlands rejected it in referendums last year -- some concerned that large, relatively poor and mainly Muslim country Turkey was also in line -- throwing the EU into crisis.
However, Sanader said that regardless of discussions on the European constitution and all other institutional problems an important principle, according to which "agreements must be honoured," remained. "It means that Croatia has a clear goal -- a fully-fledged (EU) membership at the end of talks," he emphasized.

EU pushes Croatia and other former Yugoslav republics to reform
Former Yugoslav republics need to work harder to modernize their economies and root out corruption to improve their prospects of joining the European Union, the EU said.
Croatia, the ex-Yugoslav state closest to getting into the EU, is making only limited progress in adopting EU-style free-market regulations and in stamping out organized crime, the European Commission said. "The road to EU accession goes through substantial reforms," EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said at a Brussels news conference in mid- November. "It will not be a walk in the park."
Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina faced similar criticism, highlighting the hurdles to EU membership that remain in the aftermath of the violent break-up of Yugoslavia. Croatia, the richest EU aspirant, is aiming to join in 2009, a date that depends on Croatia's progress as much as on the EU's willingness to let it in.
Slow economic growth in Western Europe and an upsurge in anti-immigration sentiment has fuelled opposition to further EU expansion, though focused more on Turkey than the ex-Yugoslav republics. Croatian Prime Minister Ivo Sanader said he was satisfied with the report, which talks about the progress Croatia made and the tasks ahead. "We are looking forward with optimism toward cooperation with the European Commission and we are preparing for full European Union membership," he told reporters in Zagreb. "All the reforms that must be completed, from judiciary reform, public administration, fight against corruption and organized crime, all that is ahead of us, we are doing that for ourselves as well," Sanader said.
Croatia's entry negotiations got off to a bumpy start last year after a six-month delay due to the government's inability to arrest General Ante Gotovina, the leading war-crimes suspect still at large from the 1991-95 war. Rehn said further efforts were needed in particular "as regards judicial reform, the fight against corruption and economic reform." 
"EU accession is no bullet train, no Eurostar," Rehn said. "It is rather like the Orient Express, which despite its name is not an express train." 

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ENERGY

Gas pipe network will be completed by 2010 


A gas trunk line that will enable the establishment of a gas piping network in Lika and Dalmacija, gas piping between Bosiljevo and Split and to Ploce, together with connecting gas piping and measurement and regulation stations, will cost about 250 million Euro, "CT" was cited by website reporter.gr as reporting. 
After the construction of the gas pipeline to Split, the extension of the pipeline to Ploce will be constructed by 2010, after which the southern-most Croatian town of Dubrovnik will be connected to the national gas piping network, Vladimir Djurovic, a Plinarco representative, said.

Biofuels sale to start in 2007 - Croatia 

Starting next year, the sale of biofuels, especially biodiesel, will finally start on the Croatian market, energyobserver.com reported on November 8th.
The ministry of ownership, labour and entrepreneurship, based on the government's regulation about biofuel quality, is preparing a plan on introducing biofuels to the domestic market, which will define a compulsory annual quantity of biofuels that has to be introduced on the market by each distributor in 2007. By the end of 2010, the percentage of biofuel in the total fuel consumption should be 5.75 per cent. Based on the regulation, the biofuels to be offered in the market are pure biodiesel or biodiesel mixed with eurodiesel, petrol mixed with biofuel, bioethanol mixed with liquid oil fuel up to 85 per cent, biogas, pure plant lubricants and other liquids acquired from biofuel. Due to the compulsory sale of biofuels from next year, the ministry of agriculture, forestry and water management announced the introduction of state incentives for the organised growing of oilseed rape for biodiesel production.

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FOOD & DRINK

Plodine invests 8m Euro to open two supermarkets 

Croatian supermarket chain Plodine has invested eight million Euro to open two new supermarkets. The two new outlets take its countrywide total to 25, and are located in the southern cities of Cakovec and Pitomaca, Croatia Post reported. 
The company plans to open five more by the end of the year, it was reported. The supermarkets will create a total of 90 jobs. Plodine had a turnover of 136 million Euro last year, compared to 106.2 million in 2004.  

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