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MACEDONIA


 

 

In-depth Business Intelligence

Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 4,705 3,712 3,400 118
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 1,980 1,700 1,690 111
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Macedonia

REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
25,333

Population 
2,071,210

Capital 
Skopje 

Currency
Dinar 

President
Branko Crvenkovski

Private sector 
% of GDP 
45%




Update No: 100 (25/08/05)

PM in constitutional talks with opposition 
Prime Minister Vlado Buckovski has had consultations in July and August with representatives of the parliamentary opposition, meeting the leaders of Agriculture-People's Party and Party for Democratic Prosperity (PDP) [PPD in Albanian], Marjan Gjorcev and Abdylhadi Vejseli respectively. However, Arben Xhaferi, leader of the Democratic Party of Albanians (DPA) [PDSh in Albanian], refused a meeting with the prime minister.
Key meetings were held with Liberal Party (LP) leader Stojan Andov. Andov has presented his proposals on constitutional changes to Buckovski. However, LP will present its final proposals for constitutional changes at a public debate on this matter, Andov said. 
He was referring to his pledge for the Parliament to elect the country's president. "We have had no presidential elections without incidents and contention of the results. Each president, elected so far, has had serious disputes with the government," Andov said, adding that changing of the method for electing the country's president would contribute to the efficiency of the executive authority. 
He expects a calming of the security situation in the country, saying that recent developments in the Islamic religious community, which are an attempt at spreading extreme Islam in Macedonia, have been playing a significant role in the Kosovo situation. 

Death of a president
The constitutional debate was intensified in February, 2004, when Macedonia suffered a major reverse. President Boris Trajkovski was killed in a plane crash. The government plane, carrying six other officials, went down in bad weather over Bosnia. 
His successor, President Branko Crvenkovski, elected in June, 2004 has been a gritty fill-in for someone who had been an outstanding success, bringing peace to the troubled land in autumn 2001with the Ochrid Accord. But Crvenkovski provoked huge controversy by his attitude to a vital referendum on decentralisation in November last year, demanded by nationalists, which was nullified by an insufficient number of signatures being collected. This allowed new laws to pass, accepting an accommodation with the Albanian minority, strongly opposed by Macedonian nationalists.
"It is the constitution that is the basis for new laws on decentralisation aimed at creating ethnically diverse, financially stronger and politically more powerful municipalities," the then premier, Hari Kostov said at the time in an interview with Southeast European Times.
"The Macedonian government is meeting constitutional obligations for further implementation of the Framework Agreement. Decentralisation is seen as a significant step toward a stronger democracy and the Euro-Atlantic integration of Macedonia. I believe all the citizens in Macedonia are aware of these processes, which should not have a destabilising effect on the country. Instead, they emphasise the democratic approach to solving problems, which we have already proved by signing the Framework Agreement and having it implemented in the constitution and laws," Kostov said.
"The security situation in Macedonia should not be connected with the referendum despite individual -- I would say, unserious -- statements by some political parties. The security situation is stable, and this is also the opinion given by responsible international institutions. The government and responsible ministries will provide the conditions for citizens to cast their votes in a democratic and safe atmosphere."

New premier and new government
But Kostov's government did not last into the new year. The new president officially gave Vlado Buckovski -- Macedonia's defence minister -- the mandate to form a new government, after the ruling Social Democratic Alliance of Macedonia (SDSM) elected him as its leader during an extraordinary congress. Buckovski replaced Kostov, who had resigned as prime minister. 
Buckovski won 391 votes in the second round after all three candidates for the post failed to garner an absolute majority. Deputy Prime Minister Radmila Sekerinska was second with 265 votes. Parliament member Tito Petkovski also ran for the post; he won 144 votes during the first round. 
The new government was put to parliamentary debate and confirmation in mid-December. 

Difficulty of reform
Macedonia is pushing ahead with its reforms. It would be unreasonable to suppose that this could be anything other than a very difficult process. For instance, NATO's senior military representative to Macedonia, Brigadier General Dennis Blease, cited corruption and judicial inefficiency as obstacles to Macedonia's entry into NATO. 
Blease praised the reforms in the Macedonian defence sector, but urged more efforts to resolve the judicial deadlock.

The revenant past
But the death of Trajkovski continues to haunt Macedonian politics. Todor Petrov, head of the World Macedonian Congress, claims that there may have been foul play in the death of Trajkovski, whom, he alleges, would never have accepted the cancellation of the November referendum. 
"Petrov deserves to be medically examined for his statements about the murder of ex Macedonian President Trajkovski. His statements do not need to be politically analysed," Valentin Nikolovski, spokesman of Macedonian President Branko Crvenkovski, told FOCUS News Agency. "Petrov claims that late Macedonian President Boris Trajkovski was killed because he had said that he would not sign the Bill on Territorial Division of Macedonia."
Petrov accused Crvenkovski, who was Prime Minister at that time, of warning Trajkovski of murder if he refused to sign the Bill. "The information about the plane crash near Mostar was very contradictory and many facts arouse the suspicion that a classical murder had been committed," Todor Petrov said. 
The Balkans abound with conspiracy theories. But actually the weather conditions at the time were particularly bad. Premier Nano of Albania refused to fly to Mostar on that particular day in February, 2004, no doubt much to his relief on hearing of Trajkovski's death. 

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ENERGY

Siemens plans in Macedonian energy industry investment 

German industrial giant Siemens is seriously planning to invest in the Macedonian energy industry, the Skopje-based economic weekly Kapital has reported, citing the local media. Referring to sources within the government, Kapital claimed that Siemens is highly interested in building a thermal power plant in Skopje and in three smaller hydro power plants in Macedonia. Kapital added that Siemens would have fewer dilemmas about investment in energy, if Macedonia Electric Power Company (ESM) was bought by one of the two largest German electric power companies, EON or RVE, with whom Siemens closely cooperates, even outside Germany.

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FOREIGN LOANS

Macedonia collects Dutch grant 

The Netherlands transferred 6.3m Euro to the Macedonian government, along with the second instalment of the World Bank PSALM loan for the public sector management, the Dutch embassy at Skopje said in a statement on July 7th, New Europe reported.
The grant of 6.3m Euro is part of the Dutch overall support, linked with PSALM for Macedonia of 15.3m Euro. The first instalment of nine million Euro was transferred in 2004. The Dutch Government, in close cooperation with the World Bank, will keep supporting Macedonia's reforms for improving the living standard of all citizens of the country.

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FREE TRADE

Macedonia to join CEFTA end-2005 

Macedonia will become a member of the Central European Free Trade Association (CEFTA) by the end of this year, Croatian Economy Minister, Branko Vukelic, said after the meeting of the CEFTA's Joint Committee, held on July 9th in Zagreb, New Europe reported. 
CEFTA's Joint Committee reviewed Macedonia's application for CEFTA membership. "The three members of CEFTA - Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania - expect Macedonia to join the free trade association by the end of 2005. Macedonia's accession will be formalised at the summit of prime ministers of CEFTA member states, scheduled for November in Zagreb," Vukelic told Zagreb's daily Vijesnik.

Kosovo and Macedonia enter free trade deal 

Kosovo began the provisional implementation of a free trade agreement with neighbouring Macedonia on August 3, seeurope.net reported, citing the United Nations in a statement.
Kosovo's customs authorities will continue to collect taxes on oil and some agricultural products with tariffs gradually decreasing until 2008, and Kosovo's products will have duty free access to Macedonia's market, the statement said. 
The implementation of the deal follows months of negotiations between UN and government officials in Kosovo and Macedonia authorities. The agreement was concluded more than a month ago, but Skopje has not yet formalised it, officials were quoted as saying. 
The UN mission "is starting to provisionally implement the free trade agreement so as to not cause delays for Kosovo's economy to benefit from it," said Mechthild Henneke, a spokeswoman for the global body. "We understand that authorities in Macedonia are continuing to consider the documentation that will formalise the agreement." 
Kosovo officially remains a province of Serbia-Montenegro. It has been administered by the United Nations for the past six years following NATO's air war aimed at stopping the crackdown of Serbian troops on the province's separatist ethnic Albanians. Since then, Kosovo has remained split between ethnic Albanians who want it to be independent and ethnic Serbs who want it to remain part of Serbia. 
Kosovo's economy remains in tatters, with unemployment estimated at more than 50 percent. The province has had a free trade pact with Albania since mid-2003. 

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INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

Macedonia says industrial production on steady growth 

Macedonia's industrial production increased 14.2 per cent in June 2005 compared with production in the same month last year, New Europe reported.
This increase in production was contributed by the main industrial groups: intermediate goods industries (except energy) by 29.7 per cent, and non-durable consumer goods industries by 7.3 per cent. In comparison with the May 2005 it increased 4.1 per cent and in comparison with June 2003 it rose 8.8 per cent. The industrial production in the manufacturing industry increased 14.9 per cent in June. Industrial production in the mining and quarrying section climbed 65.3 per cent in June in comparison with average production in June 2003.

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