FREE GEOPOLITICAL NEWSLETTER

tajikistan  

For current reports go to EASY FINDER

TAJIKISTAN


 

 

In-depth Business Intelligence

Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 1,303 1,208 1,100 148
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 190 180 180 197
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Tajikistan

REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
143,100 

Population 
7,011,556

Principal 
ethnic groups 
Tajiks 62.3%
Uzbeks 23.5%
Russians 17.6%

Capital 
Dushanbe

Currency 
Tajik Somoni

President 
Emomali Rakhmonov



Update No: 297 - (29/09/05)

New interest in Tajik power by Russia and Iran
The energy crisis afflicting the world economy, with oil prices soaring to US$60 per barrel and over, and gas prices correspondingly, is creating a new interest in alternative forms of energy, especially cleaner ones. Hydro-electricity is both cheap and clean and Tajikistan has an abundance of it.
The snag is that Tajikistan is a very remote place. Still, even the Japanese are becoming interested in obtaining power from Tajikistan, despite the high transmission costs. So are the Russians and the Iranians, not so far away, although still far away. But the stakes are high, with talk of oil going to US$100 per barrel or more. At that sort of price Tajik power becomes a real factor in the world's energy equation. 

Huge Russian investment
Russian aluminium giant RUSAL is investing more than US$1 billion in the construction of the Rogunskaya hydroelectric power plant in Tajikistan, the industry and energy minister said on September 26th. "This project is a step in the joint exploitation of water resources and RUSAL is investing more than a billion dollars in the construction of the plant," Viktor Khristenko said. 
According to Khristenko, the construction of the Rogunskaya plant and Sangtuda 1 and 2 plants would allow Tajikistan to increase its annual electric power output from 16 to 34 billion kilowatts and to export surplus energy to South Kazakstan, Russia, China, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan and India. 
The plant is being constructed 110 kilometers east of the Tajik capital of Dushanbe. When the plant hits full operating capacity, it will have a 13.3 billion-kWh per year output. The launch of the first stage is planned for December 2009.

Iran-Tajikistan Power Plant
The Iranians are also keen to be involved, accepting Russian help in the process.
Tajikistan's President Imomali Rakhmonov said on September 26th in Dushanbe, during the ceremony to mark beginning of Raqoun Hydroelectric Power Plant, that "based on reached agreements, the Islamic Republic of Iran would officially start construction of Tajikistan's Sang-Toudeh II Hydroelectric Power Plant before the end of 2005." Rakhmonov who was speaking to the press following participation at the ceremony to mark beginning of construction work at Raqoun Power Plant, added, "Our other step in launching joint projects aimed at constructing power Plants in Tajikistan would be cooperation with Iran." 
The plant is being constructed in cooperation with the Russian technicians 110 kilometres to the east of capital city Dushanbe. 
The Tajik President added, "In my meeting with President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on the sidelines of UN General Assembly in New York we discussed the issue of Sang-Toudeh II Power plant and Iran's participation in Tajikistan's energy projects, over which both sides were agreed." 
Emphasizing Tajikistan's readiness for broader cooperation with Islamic Republic of Iran, President Rakhmonov said, "Based on reached agreements Iran would start construction work on that hydroelectric power plant within the remaining three months of the current year." He added, "180 million US dollars is allocated to the construction of Sang-Toudeh II Hydroelectric Power Plant, out of which the Tajik construction firms' share would be US$40 million. 

Two earthquakes rock Tajikistan overnight, no damage
The world's energy crisis is coinciding with an environmental one, that is partly causing it. Everyone is becoming increasingly aware of the increasing volatility of the global environment, what with the tsunamai and now the hurricanes in one year.
Two earthquakes jolted Tajikistan overnight on September 27th. Their epicentre was located approximately 80-100 kilometres northeast of the capital Dushanbe and 16-17 kilometres from the Rogun hydropower plant now under construction.
The magnitude of the two earth tremors was ranging from 4.5 to five points on a twelve-point quake intensity scale, the Dushanbe seismological station told Itar-Tass.
The earthquake force was three-3.5 points in the Tajikistani capital. According to the country's emergencies ministry, there have been no reports about damage in the area of Rogun city and Dushanbe. But the two could be a warning of worse to come.

Early-warning project seeks to tame Tajikistan's "water dragon" 
Yet another grave threat concerns Lake Sarez in Tajikistan, a prime area for earthquakes.
Experts have long worried that Lake Sarez, one of the world's largest natural reservoirs, is a potential source of a natural disaster. A World Bank-sponsored early-warning system is now monitoring the lake, along with the Usoy Dam. During a recent incident, the system passed an important test, alerting monitors about a rapid rise in the lake's water level.
The incident occurred July 13th, when monitoring equipment installed in and around the lake detected a rise in its level of more than 25 centimetres (or just under one foot) over a 24-hour period, according to a World Bank statement. An emergency observation team was immediately dispatched to the lake and ultimately determined that the rising water was not a cause for sounding a general alarm. 
"Although it was not the emergency first feared, the early warning system provided an opportunity to ensure that any imminent danger would have been known about early enough to save lives," the World Bank said in its August 15th statement. 
Installation of the early-warning equipment, worth an estimated US$1.5 million, was completed in December 2004 at Lake Sarez. It aims to alert authorities about potential developments at the lake, including mudslides and avalanches, which could cause water levels to surge, or weaken the Usoy Dam. Instruments also relay meteorological data, including wind-speed on the lake and precipitation.
"A functional monitoring system and trained government personnel are the best assets any country could expect to have to be prepared to manage unusual hydrological events such as a massive flood," Rita Cestti, the World Bank official responsible for the lake's Risk-Mitigation Project, said in the statement.
The World Bank launched the project in 2000, with assistance from the Tajik government and international organizations and non-governmental organizations, including USAID and the Aga Khan Foundation. In addition to the installation of the early-warning system, the project has trained residents in Bartang Valley beneath the Usoy dam on evacuation procedures and survival skills, while seeking to bolster officials' disaster-response capabilities. The overall cost of the project is US$4.29 million.
Representatives of the World Bank and other organizations stress that a catastrophic flood is unlikely. Still, given the potential for devastation, no one is dismissive of the risk. "Should such a flood occur, the impact on the downstream valleys would be devastating, affecting up to 5 million people," the World Bank statement said. The impact of a dam break could be felt not only across Tajikistan, but also in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan." The Risk-Mitigation Project benefits roughly 130,000 Tajiks living in lake's immediate vicinity.
An earthquake in 1911 created the Usoy Dam, which led to the formation of Lake Sarez, named after an inundated village. The dam is over 550 meters high (over 1,500 feet) and sits about two miles above sea level in the Pamir Mountain range. Some of the peaks surrounding the lake are over 6,000 meters in height. The natural reservoir is now estimated to contain about 17 cubic kilometres of water. 
The lake's water level is currently about 50 meters below the top of the dam, and it is rising at a current rate of 20 centimetres a year. Local experts estimate the dam is sturdy and unlikely to collapse. The greatest concern for scientists at this point is an avalanche or landslide that would cause water to surge over the top of the dam. 

« Top

FOREIGN RELATIONS

Iranian businessmen discuss ties with Tajikistan 

A 70-member Iranian industrial and trade delegation arrived in Tajikistan to attend Iran's fourth exclusive exhibition in Dushanbe. The five-day fair began on August 25th in which 45 Iranian industrial and manufacturing concerns displayed their products. The head of the Iranian exhibition, Ali Khaksar, said that about 90 per cent of the delegation members were Iranian private companies management and directors. Khaksar said the delegation members discussed expansion of industrial and trade ties as well as establishing various joint ventures with Tajik private and government officials, New Europe reported.
During their stay in Dushanbe, the Iranian delegation also signed several agreements. He added that all the preparatory work has been completed to hold the exhibition. At the beginning of the meeting, the former Commerce Minister, Mohammad Shariatmadari, described the bilateral relations as "strategic and of great importance," adding that these relations have an old record. He said, "The Iranian delegation, including public sector directors, businessmen, merchants and industrial managers have held primary discussions with their Tajik counterparts." The sixth meeting of Iran-Tajikistan joint economic commission was held in Dushanbe in July. 
Tajik Minister of Economy and Trade, Hakim Salehov, was also pleased over economic cooperation between the two nations and the expansion of comprehensive ties, saying that "the bilateral cooperation between our two nations in recent years has led to very good and acceptable developments." He called Iran's investments in a hydro-power plant.

Thailand and Tajikistan continue to boost ties

Tajik President, Emomali Rakhmonov, on the invitation of the government of Thailand, visited Thailand to strengthen ties and cooperation between the 2 countries in various areas, Interfax News Agency reported recently. 
Rakhmonov was on a 5-day visit to Thailand recently, his first visit to the kingdom. He was officially received and welcomed by Thai Prime Minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, at the government house. Shinawatra and Rakhmonov held bilateral talks at the government house. After the talks, both sides inked 6 agreements on bilateral cooperation in trade, investment, energy sector, tourism, narcotics control and anti-terrorism. Rakhmonov has also invited Thaksin to pay a visit to Tajikistan some time in the future.

« Top

 

« Back

 


 
Published by 
Newnations (a not-for-profit company)
PO Box 12 Monmouth 
United Kingdom NP25 3UW 
Fax: UK +44 (0)1600 890774
enquiries@newnations.com