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TAJIKISTAN


 

 

In-depth Business Intelligence

Key Economic Data 
 
  2003 2002 2001 Ranking(2003)
GDP
Millions of US $ 1,303 1,208 1,100 148
         
GNI per capita
 US $ 190 180 180 197
Ranking is given out of 208 nations - (data from the World Bank)

Books on Tajikistan

REPUBLICAN REFERENCE

Area (sq.km) 
143,100 

Population 
7,011,556

Principal 
ethnic groups 
Tajiks 62.3%
Uzbeks 23.5%
Russians 17.6%

Capital 
Dushanbe

Currency 
Tajik Somoni

President 
Emomali Rakhmonov



Update No: 293 - (27/05/05)

Foreign interest
Tajikistan is a faraway, remote place. But it is strategically situated, next to Afghanistan, and certain foreigners are interested in it all the same, namely the Russians, the Americans, the Chinese and the Japanese, indeed, the Europeans too and the World Bank. 
Actually so are the Indians, who have a military base and hospital there, where the 'Lion of the North,' Shah Massoud, died on September 9th, 2001, two days before 9:11, struck down by two Islamic fundamentalist suicide bombers in Northern Afghanistan.

Tiger Economy Stats….But?
From a statistical point of view Tajikistan is doing incredibly well. Its GDP has been growing by 9-10% per annum for several years now. It is due to grow by 11% this year.
But this is all from a very low base. It is still the poorest republic of the FSU - and likely to remain so for a long time.
Encouraged by the good news, however, the World Bank is moving in. The World Bank on April 21st approved an IDA grant in the amount of US$10m for the Tajikistan Land Registration and Cadastre System for Sustainable Agriculture Project.. 
The project's objective is to expand farm privatisation to enable more rural people to become independent farmers and take management decisions in response to market forces, by providing them with secure land use rights certificates distributed in a transparent and fair manner. This project is part of the government's strategy of improving farm productivity farmland over the course of the next four years.
Farm privatisation contributes to the development of Tajikistan's agriculture, which employs more than 70% of the population and generates close to a third of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). The agriculture sector faced a severe decline in productivity in the years following independence. However, it has imported over recent years but remains short of reaching its full potential.
The project is being implemented through the project management unit in Dushanbe along with the state land committee and the ministry of agriculture. The project has been divided into four main components such as a farm privatisation and land registration component that will privatise and register farm land under a uniform, parcel-based system of land use rights registration, a farm information and irrigation support component which includes the expansion of the farm information and advisory service (FIAS), support to on-farm irrigation and water management, as well as integrated pest management; a project management and policy support to fund a project management unit (PMU) and policy support for formulation of national policy issues associated with scaling up farm privatisation.
During the course of the five-year project, 300 farms will be privatised in what is hoped will be a transparent and fair manner, for which 75,000 secure land use certificates will be provided. Farm information services will be expanded to cover some 36 Raions, at least 10,000 ha of agricultural lands will be restored through farm irrigation and water management rehabilitation and 3,600 farmers within project areas would be updated about integrated pest management.
Tajikistan became a member of the World Bank on June 4th, 1993. Since 1996, IDA has approved 18 projects for a total commitment of about US$322.1m. In addition, over US$3.5m has been made available to Tajikistan for institution building and post-conflict assistance on a grant basis.

New energy power-house
For the Russians, Chinese and Iranian, Tajikistan is increasingly important by reason of its ability to produce a 'green,' that is clean, source of energy in abundance - hydro-electric power. True, it is far from the market-place. But it is very cheap in situ and, even with high transport costs, it is increasingly competitive with highly-priced oil and gas equivalents. 
Tajik and Russian officials began construction of the Sangtudinskaya GES-1 (hydropower station-1) power project in the ex-Soviet republic of Tajikistan on April 15th, Interfax News Agency reported.
Russian President Vladimir Putin officially sent a message of greetings to the official ceremony of the start of building the Sangtuda project in Tajikistan.
"I congratulate you on the start of realisation of the crucial project of Russian-Tajik cooperation - building of the Sangtudinskaya GES-1. It's construction and joint use are called upon to become one of the key directions of economic partnership between our countries, an important stage in the development of all-round interaction between Russia and Tajikistan," the Kremlin press service quoted Putin as saying.
Unified Energy Systems CEO, Anatoly Chubais, and Tajik Energy Minister, Dzhurabek Nurmakhmatov, attended the ceremony.
The company Inter RAO UES and the Energy Ministry of Tajikistan concluded the agreement on setting up the company OAO Sangtudinskaya GES-1, targeting joint participation in finalising the facility. Its preliminary cost is 485m Euro. Under the agreement, the GES-1's initial authorised capital is 100,000 Euro.
Inter RAO UES holds 75% of the hydropower station and 25% is the property of Tajikistan. The station lies on the Vakhsh River 200km south of Dushanbe. Its construction began in the late 1980s but was suspended for lack of funds. Last January the Russian and Tajik sides concluded the agreement on completing the project. Inter RAO UES is a subsidiary of the company RAO UES and the Rosenergoatom nuclear concern. The subsidiary is their export-import operator. Russia, Tajikistan and Iran signed a protocol to complete the construction of the Sangtuda 1 and 2 hydroelectric power plants at the start of the year. The Sangtuda-1 facility will be built by Russia and Tajikistan, while the construction of the Sangtuda-2 plant will be completed by Iran and Tajikistan.
UES plans to complete the Sangtuda-1 project in four years. The Sangtuda-1 hydroelectric power plant will generate electricity both for Tajik consumers and for export to Russia, former Soviet republics, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. In addition, the Sangtuda-1 plant's operations will help better manage the water resources of the Vakhsh River.
At last Tajikistan has something to sell to the outside world. It takes the Russian energy giant to make it happen but Chubais' UES is buying into power generation all across the FSU. In a world where oil prices reflect demand, where hydro is available on the scale it is here, it is no vain statement to make as the "King of Bhutan" did recently, that 'hydro is the new oil.'

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FOREIGN RELATIONS

Dushanbe and Kabul target stronger relations

Tajik president, Emomali Rakhmonov, accompanied by a senior delegation from Tajikistan, arrived in Kabul recently for an official three-day visit. A meeting was held between Rakhmonov and Afghan President, Hamid Karzai, at which both leaders discussed the fight against terrorism and illicit drugs. "Tajikistan benefits from peace in Afghanistan and Afghanistan benefits from peace and security in Tajikistan. We share common interests. Tajikistan and Afghanistan are like twins," Karzai said recently, Interfax News Agency reported.
For his part, Rakhmonov said the most important subject of the meetings and talks was the exploration of fruitful ways to expand the bilateral relations of the two neighbouring and friendly countries. Tajikistan and Afghanistan have signed an agreement to boost further already existing bilateral cooperation between the two countries. The leaders of both countries also signed several cooperation protocols in order to strengthen relations between the two neighbouring countries. The protocols signed include those dealing with energy, industry, education, trade and transit, good neighbourly relations, counter-narcotics and counter-terrorisms.

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