Books on Kyrgyzstan
Update No: 284 - (27/08/04)
It is far from clear whether President Askar Akayev is coming or going. The
rumours are circulating. Some say that Akayev has signed a secret deal with
China, to enable him to stay, finessing the US nor Russia, who both want him
out. Both Washington and Moscow are insisting that the Kyrgyz President should
not run at the elections, due next year, for a fourth time.
In a conversation in April the US Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan, Steven Young,
reminded Akayev about the need for him to leave the presidency and to provide
fair elections in the country. Akayev apparently answered with chagrin:
"You Americans are so strange, you are making me choose between stability
Putin summoned the Kyrgyz President to the Kremlin recently, for all as if he
was just a Russian satrap, and directly told him about the need to transfer the
power to a Kyrgyz politician, whom the Russians like, but Akayev cannot stand.
Eyewitnesses reported that Akayev was very nervous during that encounter.
Tilt to China?
A reminder that China is a player in the new Great Game for Central Asia comes
in reports involving them in Kyrgyz affairs. The opposition claims that after
these proposals made by Moscow and Washington, Akayev started relying on China
as his last resource. Beijing offered Akayev good protection in exchange for
Kyrgyzstan accepting 100,000 Chinese. Perhaps China keeps its promises. Akayev
keeps his promises too.
No one knows for sure how valid this information is. But some facts, which are
being discussed in the Central Asian oppositional press, are indicative.
For example, Akayev appointed diplomat Muratbek Imanaliev as Foreign Minister.
Allegedly, he has been working for the Chinese for a goodish time and has been
their proxy for quite a while. He is the diplomat who granted China 125,000
hectares of the most valuable Kyrgyz land, with glaciers full of fresh water and
with a uniquely designed border outpost, that permits one soldier to have many
thousands of enemy troops at gunpoint.
The Kyrgyz leader is now planning to rent tracts of land (about 500 to 1,000
hectares each) all across Kyrgyzstan's territory to the Chinese for 99 years for
all sorts of business projects. In Akaev's opinion, Chinese farmers may become
the future driving force of the country's agrarian sector.
The opposition claims that the Chinese are planning to introduce their internal
regime in the rented enclaves, to set up passport control at the entrances and
encourage them to have as many children as their hearts and their bodies desire
(contrary to the usual Chinese birth policies).
According to the mutual agreement between Akayev and China, these rented lands
will become niches for the Chinese to penetrate into all other areas of
Kyrgyzstan. Officially China already rents 800 hectares on the southern shore of
Issyk Kul Lake (some reports say they were allotted about 1,200 hectares).
Local people are not allowed in there. A Chinese patrol is guarding this section
and checkpoints are now being set up.
In the spring of 2000 in Osh Province in the south, agents of the Uzbek
secret services, freely operating on Kyrgyzstan's soil, abducted someone named
Bakhtiar K., ethnic Uigur, and took him out of the country. Bakhtiar K. was
suspected of cooperating with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU). During
the interrogations, which involved severe tortures, Uzbek agents found out that
Bakhtiar K. was really working for the Chinese intelligence services and that
his assignment was to collect information about anti-Chinese activities among
underground Muslim organizations operating in Southern Kyrgyzstan.
Bakhtiar K. also said that within the next few years the Chinese authorities are
planning to send about 100,000 Chinese merchants and peasants, and his duties
included collecting information about the most suitable areas for their future
settlements. When the information reached Uzbek dictator Islam Karimov, he
immediately convened an emergency meeting, where a decision was made to dispatch
additional troops to be permanently stationed in the Fergana Valley, as far as
the Kyrgyz border. This is the reason why Uzbekistan's authorities are now
reinforcing and moving Uzbek frontier posts even into the territory of
Kyrgyzstan. The process of defusing the mines in some border areas is now being
protracted and so is the solution of the problem of water and power supply.
The opposition claims that Akayev needs Chinese immigrants very badly. They will
allow him to retain his power and they will be paying their taxes on time and
fulfilling orders worth many millions without asking any unnecessary questions.
Beijing in turn is ready to give Akayev its support to convince the US and
Russia to give him the chance to run the country until 2011. The Chinese
leadership have promised Akayev to make up any losses from reduction of foreign
financial aid from Washington. -- Huge profits will be made from goods transits
on the Kyrgyz-Chinese railroad, which China will start building in 2005.
The opposition claims that all Akayev's actions are aimed at retaining his
personal power and that is exactly why he allied himself with China. Time will
End of a communist statesman
Absamat Masaliyev, former leader of Kyrgyzstan who headed the Central Asian
nation's Communist Party both before and after the Soviet collapse, has died,
the government said Sunday. He was 71.
Mr. Masaliyev died on July31st from a heart attack.
In 1985, he became the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist
Party in Kyrgyzstan after changes in the Soviet communist leadership that saw
Mikhail Gorbachev take power in Moscow.
He remained in office until 1990, when he lost in the country's first-ever
presidential elections, as the Soviet republics sought to assert their
sovereignty in moves that led the next year to the disintegration of the Soviet
Union. The election was won by Askar Akayev, who remains president of
After the election loss, Mr. Masaliyev took control of the surviving Communist
Party, and in 1995, he won a seat in the upper chamber of parliament
representing his southern home region of Osh.
Later that year, Mr. Masaliyev challenged Akayev unsuccessfully again, but he
drew strong support in the south. In 2000, he won a lower parliament seat and
held that post until his death.
Kyrgyzstan triples electricity exports
Kyrgyzstan's OAO Elektricheskiye Stantsii (Electric Stations) tripled
electricity exports year-on-year to 800 million kilowatt hours in the first half
of 2004, company Director General, Sagyndyk Dorodoyev, said, Interfax News
Kazakstan received 506.4 million kWh, China 656 kWh and the rest went to Russia,
Dorodoyev said. Kyrgyzstan earned 1.5 million Euro in the first half from
electricity exports alone, he noted. This money was spent partially on the
overhaul of the Toktogul hydropower plant. Elektricheskiye Stantsii produced
7.25 billion kWh of power in the first half, 1.3 per sent more year-on-year.
Plans call for producing 14 billion kWh in 2004 against 13.8 billion kWh in
FOREIGN LOANS & AID
Kyrgyzstan gets aid to secure nuclear waste
Kyrgyzstan will receive monetary aid from the United States and Russia to secure
radioactive waste sites left from the Soviet era, Ecolinks news services
The countries have committed a total of €560,000. Russia's Nuclear Energy
Agency pledged 160,000 Euro and the US State Department offered US$400,000. The
money will be used to secure and rehabilitate uranium waste sites in Kaji-Say,
which is 155 miles east of the capital. The project will focus on the waste
sites containing 170,000 cubic metres (6,002,824 cubic feet) of radioactive
uranium waste, Kyrgyz Emergencies Ministry spokesman, Emil Akmatov, said.
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