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Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government. Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.
Update No: 265 - (28/01/03)
Tajik president in US
The Tajik president Emomali Rahmonov, has concluded the first official visit to the US of an incumbent of his office. The first Tajik-US summit was a huge success.
The key to the concord between the two nations is total agreement in the anti-terrorist struggle.
"The leader of the world power has expressed appreciation for Tajikistan's principled stance on the fight against international terrorism. President Bush pointed to the significant contribution of Tajikistan to a global war on terrorism, especially the ongoing anti-terrorist operation in Afghanistan," the press secretary at the meeting stressed.
The US president was quoted as stating that Tajikistan was striving towards political and economic reforms that could provide hope to its citizens and to its neighbours in Afghanistan and Central Asia. President Bush confirmed the policy of his country on thorough support for political and economic reforms in Tajikistan and pointed out the fact of expansion of bilateral relations that has been confirmed by the appointment of the first Tajik ambassador to the United States and the construction of a new building for the US embassy in Dushanbe. The leaders of the two countries confirmed their readiness for a long-term strategic partnership.
The US lead others to Tajikistan
It was agreed by the two presidents that for tackling economic problems and reaching sustainable economic growth in Tajikistan the United States would continue supporting Tajikistan in international financial institutions, especially in the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It was noted that the US assistance in implementing economic projects in Tajikistan would noticeably increase the interest of other countries in investing in the republic.
The Tajiks, are building a new society and economy. They need help from the rest of the world, not just the US.
President Rahmonov pointed to the importance of more effective support provided by the US with regard to his country's bid to join the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and encouragement of regional economic cooperation in Central Asia. The Tajik leader also expressed his satisfaction over the US statement about the necessity of extending the mandate of international security assistance forces to all provinces of Afghanistan.
FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS
USAID backs Dushanbe's bid for WTO membership
Tajikistan will receive US support in its bid to join the World Trade Organisation (WTO), under an agreement signed by Tajik Economics and Trade Minister, Khakim Soliyev, and US Ambassador to Tajikistan, Franklin Huddle. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) will take steps to help civil servants and businessmen better understand the aspects of entering the WTO, New Europe has reported. The agency will also help bring Tajikistan's legislation into line with WTO requirements, giving top priority to standards, intellectual property, tax reforms and customs.
MINERALS & METALS
Tajikistan exported over 305,000 t of aluminium in 2002
Tajikistan's aluminium exports rose 19,100 t on the year in 2002 to 305,400 t, the State Statistics Committee said in a statement, Prime-TASS News Agency has reported.
Aluminium accounted for 54.2 per cent of the country's total export revenues, the committee said.
The markets for Tajik aluminium in 2002 were the Netherlands, importing 54.4 per cent of total aluminium exports, Turkey (28.6 per cent), Hungary (9.6 per cent), Iran (3.1 per cent) and Turkmenistan (2.5 per cent).
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